texture to your space has the ability to add a powerful, albeit subtle dimension to a room's interior. In fact, texture is one of the secret tools which are used by the professionals to really make an impression on a space.
The word texture usually refers to how the surface of an object feels but it's really more than that. When you see something which looks rough, even if you don't directly touch it, your mind conjures up rough things you've felt in the past. Texture has an effect on the way a room feels and the way it looks. Using texture allows you to add dimension to your space.
One of the basic principles of using texture has to do with weight. Rough, coarse textures tend to make an object feel heavier, while smoother textures will make it feel lighter. In this way a polished white marble floor will feel lighter than hardwood paneling, even though it is in actuality much heavier.
When determining how much weight a certain texture adds to an item, the rule of thumb is that, objects reflecting more light tend to feel less heavy. Using this understanding, it is possible to create balance between large and small items, using heavier or lighter textures.
One common use of texture is to add interest to a space which has boring, monochrome colors. This is one of the underlying principles of a shabby chic decorative style, where everything is painted the same, and texture is used to create contrast. In such a design, off white walls are often adorned with elegant moldings, textured finishes, and are complimented by whicker and rattan, also painted white.
Another example of rich textures comes from rustic cabin decor. In this style rough log wood walls and furnishings are matched with natural clefting stone floors and counters, and thick shag rug carpets or animal skin rugs like bear skin rugs or cowhide rugs or pillows. The colors in this style are rich, with deep browns, blacks and reds, and so the texture is not necessary to add interest, and yet it wouldn't feel like a rustic cabin style without this added depth.
Contemporary styles are bolder with their use of texture. This is evidenced by modern decorative trends which place rough unfinished brick next to stainless steal, and which couple silk screens with concrete blocks.
While texture is a relatively advanced decorative tool, you shouldn't be afraid of it. Mix and match texture with colors to determine which couples best compliment one another.